On May 3, 2013, 15-year-old Sophia attended a
carnival operated by Fiesta in a fenced-in area of the Ocean State Job Lot (Ocean State) parking lot located on the western side of Manchester Road in Derry. After Sophia and her friends shared cotton candy, they began searching for a bathroom to wash their sticky hands. The carnival had bottled water,
napkins, and “port-a-potties” equipped with hand sanitizer dispensers, but it lacked public facilities with running water. The girls decided to leave the carnival and search for a bathroom.